Ayurveda, the traditional medical system of India, is understudied in western contexts.The word Ayurveda has been a conjugation of two Sanskrit words ayus, meaning 'life' and veda, meaning 'science', thus ayurveda literally means the 'science of life'.
Unlike other traditional medicinal systems, Ayurveda is more focused on simple and logical therapies. It is in fact a set of practical and simple guidelines for long life and good health. The original conception of Ayurveda in its entirety is essentially linked to Dhanwantari who is considered as God of Hindu Medicine. Dhanwantari is considered a mythical deity born with ambrosia in one hand and Ayurveda on the other at the end of the churning of milk ocean. He reincarnated himself in the Chandra dynasty.
He was born to King Dhanwa, learnt Ayurveda from Bharadwaja. His great grandson Divodasa was also known as Dhanwantari, but was specialised only in surgical branch of Ayurveda. Sushruta, is said to have learnt the art of science of surgery from Divodasa Dhanwantara.
Ayurveda is the most ancient and traditional science, whose basic principles deal with the natural way of living a healthy life. It basically revolves the five basic elements (pancha bhutam) of existence - earth, water, fire, air and ether. It is believed that the pancha bhutams should be balanced, which when disrupted, a number of natural calamities such as flood, cyclone and earthquakes occur.
Ayurveda believes that every living creature in the universe is made up of the five elements, which serve as the building blocks of life. Life doesn't exist without these five elements. This reveals that the ancient medicinal form of Ayurveda is closely related to Mother Nature. The pancha bhutams are also called the five basic elements in Ayurveda.
Earth represents the solid state of matter in the planet. It symbolizes stability, permanence and rigidity. The human body consists of bones, teeth, cells and tissues, as the manifestations of the earth. Earth is regarded as a stable substance. Talking about human being, stability is the prerequisite for leading a healthy life, which is focused by Ayurveda.
The liquid state is represented by water, another element of Ayurveda. Water is the prerequisite for the survival of living creatures, including humankind. About 70% of human body is made up of water, the very important liquid that is required for smooth functioning.
In addition to water, fluids including our blood and lymph move between our cells and through our vessels, thereby providing us the energy required. The body temperature is also regulated. Water is a form without stability.
In order to convert solids into liquids, to gas and back again to the original state, a certain amount of power is required, which is provided by fire. Fire has the power to change the state of any substance. In human body, fire is present in the form of energy that binds atoms together, converts food to fat and muscle. In addition, fire creates impulses of nervous reactions and even our thought process.
One of the forms of the pancha bhutam - air - is mobile and dynamic. Within the human body, air is present in the form of oxygen, which is the basis for all energy transfer reactions. Existent without form, air is the prerequisite for fire to burn. Talking about the human body, air is indirectly required to produce energy, which is the basic requisite for one's survival. Air is also the basic element of Ayurveda.
Ether is described as the space, in which, everything happens. All matter exists in space. Ether is the distance that separates matter. Space is everywhere and touches everything. It is the receptivity and non-resistance to what is true. Talking about the human body, space is the considered as the vessel that receives all impressions. In the heart, it is believed that space accepts love.
In Ayurveda, the human body is not considered just as a mass of organs, systems and tissues; but the complex mechanism' of myriad functions taking place, both at physical and mental level, are evaluated and described. In existence for thousands of years now, the basic principle of Ayurveda has managed to remain the same.
The human body is more complex than any other form of life as on date. Purusha - the human body is the aggregate of 25 elements, together with Atma - the spirit or soul. In order to explain the functional complexity of human body, Ayurveda has propounded a few basic doctrines. These doctrines visualize the functional units of the body to be formed by three Dosha (humours), seven Dhatu (tissues) and Mala (metabolic end products) which are in equilibrium.
Dhatu are basically the body tissues which are responsible for the functioning of the systems and organs and the structure of the body. Each of the Dhatus is built out of a previous one and they develop on the nourishment that comes from the digestive system.
Doshas play a vital role in the basic foundation of Ayurveda. They are responsible for coordinating and directing all the substances and structures of the body. According to Ayurveda there are three vital principles, which regulate and control the biological functions of the body. They are known as Vata, Pitta and Kapha.p>
Mala are the substances or waste matter to be thrown out of the body. They are actually by products formed as a result of various physiological activities going on in the body. Purish (stool), Mutra (urine) and Sweda (sweat) are considered as main excretory product of the body. These are also known as Dushya as these tend to be influenced to cause pathology or disease by imbalanced doshas.
All ayurvedic studies conducted on herbal and holistic medicine, in ancient India, were followed from the fountainhead of the two principle Ayurvedic schools. The School of Physicians (Atreya) and the School of Surgeons (Dhanvantari) epitomized the eight main areas of Ayurvedic studies and specialization, during ancient times.
The details of these eight branches of this natural alternative medicine are present in the three ancient Ayurvedic texts - Charaka Samhita, Susruta Samhita and Astanga Hridaya. One of the most important principles of Ayurveda treatment is that the treatment given is not only to the ailments or the affected parts, but to the person as a whole. This creates an environment for purifying your body naturally, which eliminates all toxic imbalances from your body, enabling you to regain natural resistance from diseases and attain good health. In this section, we deal with the different principles of Ayurveda.
Bhaisajya Kalpana is one of the most important branches in ayurveda, which deals with awareness of drugs, including identification, procurement, processing, preparation and application. The term Bhaisajya Kalpana consist of two words -Bhaishajya stands for 'medicine' and Kalpana means 'forms'.
Ayurveda, states that the basic constitution of a human being is determined at the time of conception. This constitution is called Prakruti. The term Prakruti is derived from Sanskrit word that means, 'nature', 'creativity' or the first creation'. Prakruti is the physical and psychological constitution of the individual, which is determined on the basis of three doshas.
Historically, Rasa Shastra or 'Vedic Chemistry' is an offshoot of Ayurveda that was developed around the period, when Buddha existed, i.e. more than 2500 years ago. Derived from Sanskrit, RASA has several meaning attached to it - "Rasyate aaswadyate iti rasa" which stands for taste, "Rasati shariire aasu prsarati it Rasa" meaning juice, "Rasati aharahargachhati iti Rasa" that stands for the first material formed after digestion or liquids, under the transportation system of the body like plasma, chyle or lymph
A special branch of the Ashtang Ayurvedic tree, Shalakya tantra encompasses the treatment for the diseases affecting the body parts located that are above the neck. This reveals that the branch of the science of life deals with the causes, diagnosis and curative procedures of the diseases pertaining to the head, ear, nose, eye, lips and throat. A number of methods are formulated for the treatment of the organs of the body, according to the shalakya tantra.
Ayurveda is divided into eight parts. Hence it is also known as Ashtanga ayurveda.These are as follows: Kaya, Bal, Graha, Urdhwa, Shalya, Dhanstra, Jara, Vrishan.
1.Kaya: The part of ayurveda which mainly related with diseases related with body, related with digestion.
2.Bala: It is related with the paediatric age group. It is the treatment for the proper growth and diseases of children.
3.Graha: It deals with stars and planets and other mental disorders.
4.Urdhwa: The diseases of upper part of the body above the neck. This part is also known as Shalakyatantra. In this part, disorders of ear, nose, throat, eyes, and oral cavity are considered.
5.Shalya: This is surgical branch of Ayurveda which is well developed by Sushrut.
6.Dhanstra: It is related to the tooth where animal bites, poisoning and its treatment is considered.
7.Jara: It is the branch related to geriatrics. It deals with treatment to avoid old age.
8.Vrushya: It is the branch related with healthy sex life and treatment related to complaints about sexual intercourse etc.
At the time of conception, the particular dosha dominating is the prakruti of that individual.According to individuals prakruti, he or she is prone to some types of disease. To cure those disorders, some hints related to day to day life "dincharya" and seasonal behavior "Rutucharya"are given.Panch Mahabhoot Siddhanta: The whole body is considered to be made up of five basic elements such as Prithvi, Aap, Tepa, Vayu and Aakash .When there is disturbance in dosha-dhatu-mala, the individual suffers from disease. Hence they should be treated accordingly.The treatment part includes Shodhan and Shaman. In Shodhan, the doshas are expelled out of the body with the help of medicines and in Shaman , doshas are suppressed in the body. Shodhan includes five ways of cleansing named as Pancha karma.
According to Ayurveda, Prakruti means the physical constitution of a person and vikruti means the state of disease. Prakruti is the science of nature which determines the innate character, physical constitution or disposition of a person. It helps in deciding the ideal lifestyle and therapeutic regimen for an individual.
Depending on the predominance of a single dosha, or different permutations and combinations, Prakruti could be of seven types out of which the three main types are vata, pitta and kapha whereas Vikruti has several types and can be determined only through thorough examinations. Read to explore more about Prakruti and Vikruti
The term Prakruti is a Sanskrit word that literally means, nature, or basic trait. The combination of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha which is present in the individual at the time of conception is maintained throughout his lifetime. Different persons can have different combination of Vata, Pitta and kapha as their basic constitution or Prakruti. That is why; two people react differently when exposed to a similar situation. Thus, according to Ayurveda everyone is unique and each one of them has a distinct body constitution, which is totally different from each other.
Vikruti, on the other hand is the discrepancy that makes our body different from a normal or healthy constitution. In simple terms, it is the abnormal or the diseased state. When the doshas of the body are not in perfect equilibrium, it can be termed as the stage of Vikruti.
Any kind of abnormality or Vikruti in the body can lead to complications in the normal regulation of body functions and thus lead to any serious complication or disease. For treating vikruti, reason or etiology of the disease, the state of doshas, the state of the dushyas (the dhatus that are vitiated by the dosha), desha (habitat of the person and kala (seasonal time), bala (strength of the patient and disease) and symptoms of the individual is determined. A body sans any kind of Vikruti is said to be absolutely healthy and fit.
The concept of Prakruti and Vikruti can be illustrated with reference to our body temperature. When healthy, we maintain an average body temperature of about 98.4oF, which can be regarded as our Prakruti. Although different persons can have different base temperatures, it does not change much so long as the person is healthy.
When we go outside on a winter day, our body temperature may go down slightly; but will come right back to the normal if we are healthy. When we are sick or catch a cold, our body temperature will go up. This indicates that we are sick or outside our normal base condition. We may take medicine to bring the body temperature back to the normal range. In analogy to Ayurveda, our present temperature may be considered as Vikruti, because Vikruti means the state of disease. So it is important to understand the Prakruti and Vikruti of our body.
Ayurveda is an ancient medical science yet it is based on so much of scientific logics that it is amazing to see that such an advance medical science existed thousands of years ago in the Indian subcontinent. Unlike other ancient medical sciences, the science of Ayurvedic healing is not simply based on assumptions and probabilities rather based on logical examinations and tests.
Human body is very much like a machine, if not handled properly and not given adequate rest, it can give up any time anywhere. Like a machine, it also prefers to work under favorable circumstances and for a limited period of time so that it does not wear out soon. However, considering the hectic lifestyle and the inhumane pressure that people suffer these days, it is impossible to remain healthy forever.
The abnormal state or the diseased state of the body is termed as Vikruti in Ayurveda. Prakruti, on the other hand, is the normal state of mind and body. In Ayurveda, both Prakruti and Vikruti form a significant part, the latter being more perused. In simple words, if a doctor is treating a particular disease of a person, then he is treating the Vikruti of the person. The science of life states that if the doshas of the body are not in equilibrium, then a person suffers from any form of disease.
In Sanskrit, the word 'dincharya' means daily routine. According to Ayurveda, one should follow the dincharya in order to lead a healthy and disease-free life.
Everyday, two cycles of change pass through the human body, each bringing a Vata, Pitta, or Kapha predominance. Based on the cycles of vata, pitta and kapha, our daily routine should be divided into morning, noon, evening/twilight, dinner and bedtime. In the Ayurvedic texts, it is written that a person should wake up two hours prior to the sunrise, if he/she is not suffering from any diseases such as fever or diarrhea.
Very young, very old and sick people are some of the exceptions. According to dincharya, the day should be kick-started by eliminating the colon and the bladder, followed by a through cleaning of the senses - ears, eyes, mouth etc. This should be followed by an oil self massage. Exercise in the morning, just after the massage, helps rejuvenate the body and soul. After bathing, one should head towards the dining table for breakfast.
The day follows by activities like studying, working or traveling. During the lunch, one should consume nutritious meal. After working for the day, twilight is the time to offer evening prayers. Dinner should consist of a light meal. Before going to bed, one should sit back and relax. By following the dincharya of Ayurveda, one can ensure a healthy life.
Though it is difficult to follow a stringent dinacharya in this fast moving life, it is highly recommended by Ayurvedic physicians, because a number of health benefits are associated with it. The dinacharya makes one to lead a healthy and disciplined life. According to the latest studies in the field of medical science, people who stick to the daily routine are more fit than those, who do not have a particular time to perform their everyday activities. It is said that dinacharya reduces the stress level to a great extent.
In addition to this, the person's body is purified and detoxified. Therefore, barring a few exceptions like sickness, very old and young age, Ayurvedic dinacharya is recommended for everyone.
The Ayurvedic classics give us detailed descriptions of how to maintain healthy and disciplined lifestyle. Charaka has given a comprehensive and detailed account of the mode of living and rules of good conduct to be followed if we want a good, healthy and happy life. The average span of life for human beings should be one hundred years, but this may decrease if the prescribed good conduct is not adhered to.
The Ayurvedic classics give us detailed descriptions of how to maintain a healthy and disciplined lifestyle. According to the science of life, the average span of life for human beings is one hundred years, which may decrease if the prescribed good conduct is not adhered to. The ancient medicinal form suggests that in order to achieve the fourfold objectives of life - dharma (virtuous duty), artha (wealth), kama (enjoyment) and moksha (salvation), we must have good health.
A balanced diet is one of the key Ayurvedic tools, for promoting good health. The practitioners of the 'Science of Life' (Ayurveda) suggest that the diets for people are individualized, based on many factors, such as their age, gender, the doshic tendencies, the strength of body tissues and digestive fires and the level of ama (toxins) in their body.
This is the reason why Ayurveda is considered the complete system of healthcare, since ages. The effect of right and wrong type of diet is clearly mentioned by the Ayurvedic practitioners. This helps people to have an idea about what to eat and the right way of eating food. Apart from a wholesome diet, studies conducted by Ayurveda practitioners also suggest that one should follow some basic rules, when it comes to consumption of food. According to Ayurveda, food should be consumed only after the digestion of the previous meal, because it promotes proper digestion, appetite and the right manifestation of the natural urges.
Ayurveda is the complete health guide, which insists that all the six tastes should be included in each main meal that you eat. That is the reason why Ayurveda is referred to as a holistic alternative science.
A pivotal part of Ayurveda, the rasayanas (vitalizers) help a great deal in replenishing the vital body fluids that are necessary for smooth functioning. Intelligence, memory power, youth and luster are also enhanced by rasayanas. Some of the common rasayanas prescribed by Ayurvedic practitioners include Chyavanaprasha, Pippali rasayana, Triphala rasayana and Shilajita rasayana.
The rejuvenator group of herbal medicines in Ayurveda is termed as 'Rasayanas'. The micronutrients, which are one of the key ingredients of Rasayanas, are beneficial to the body, because they improve health, immunity, vigor, vitality and longevity of life. They are great stress busters, which is the reason why Rasayanas like Chyavanaprasha and Pippali Rasayana are recommended for people of different age groups, from children to adults.
The traditional Ayurvedic Rasayanas are formulated to serve as vitalizers or rejuvenators. They are prepared by combining different herbs, spices, clarified butter and honey. The Rasayanas are usually prescribed by Ayurvedic practitioners, depending upon the age and health requirements of the person consuming it. Among the Ayurvedic Rasayanas (vitalizers), Pippali Rasayana is the one of the most popular medicines.
The treatment done for the rejuvenation of body and soul is termed as Rasayana therapy (rejuvenation therapy) in the Ayurvedic text books. The therapy is aimed to promote good health and helps a great deal in increasing the longevity of life. It can cure many diseases that are otherwise hard to find treatment for. Rejuvenation therapy enhances the energy and the person's mental and physical capabilities.
Triphala, the well-known traditional Ayurvedic formulation, makes an excellent skin tonic. It is one of the most popular Ayurvedic medicinal herbs, prescribed by a number of Ayurvedic practitioners. Triphala literally means 'three fruits'. The three fruits contained in Triphala are Amalaki (Indian Gooseberry), Haritaki (Indian Gallnut or Terminalia chebula), and Bibhitaki (Beleric Myrobalan or Terminalia bellerica).
The science of Ayurveda is a unique holistic system, based on the interaction of body, mind and spirit. The treatment of Ayurveda is based on Indian herbs, which have a healing energy. Herbs have a unique flavor and intoxicating aroma, which contribute to their medicinal quality.
The science of life - Ayurveda - has focused on the use of herbs as to lead a healthy life, free of diseases. Specific emphasis is given on the preparation and storage of herbs, followed since the ancient period, when Indian sages used herbs for curing a number of diseases. The herbs used in Ayurvedic are different from each other, in terms of a number of factors.
A number of herbs vary according to their taste, while others are categorized according to their medicinal value. There are mainly three different categories of herbs: mild, strong and toxic. Herbalists mainly use mild herbs, because they have nutritive, energetic and therapeutic values without causing reactions or toxic effects.
Use of herbs is regarded as the friendly way of treatment, because very less or no side effects are associated with them. Today, Ayurveda and its herbal treatment flourishes side by side with Homeopathic, Unani Tibb and Western conventional medicine and is actively encouraged as an inexpensive alternative to drugs. Ayurvedic herbal treatment is one of the most natural ways of curing a disease, as it has no side effects and after-treatment complications.
That's why it is regarded as the most safest and inexpensive healing. In this section, we have given detailed description of the medicinal and herbal properties of Ayurvedic herbs.
A number of herbs are used as medicines in Ayurveda - the science of life. Since ages, herbs have been known to help relieve aches and inflammation. The Ayurvedic rishis in the ancient times used herbs and mixed them with other herbs to create medicines that could treat many deadly diseases. Some of them proved to be elixirs. The herbs used in Ayurveda have diverse chemical formation.
Ayurveda is the ancient science of life, which aims to promote a healthy lifestyle, free of diseases. The Ayurvedic rishis in the ancient times have discovered the medicinal use of many herbs, which are effective in curing a number of diseases that are otherwise difficult to get rid of. The herbs have been in use since the ancient times, when people were not familiar with allopath and other forms of treatment and resorted to the herbs and Ayurvedic medicines that were available.
Ayurveda is the traditional medicinal form, prevalent in India since 2000 B.C. The Ayurvedic treatment is entirely based on herbs, which have certain medicinal value or property. In the ancient times, the Indian sages believed that Ayurvedic herbs are one-stop solutions to cure a number of health related problems and diseases.
Ayurbveda is a vast and ancient medicine science. The basic principle of Ayurvedic treatment is to cure the causative element of the disease from its root instead of suppressing its symptoms. The Ayurvedic treatment is largely based on the natural elements and herbs. All the Ayurvedic medicines are prepared by using these herbs in prescribed quantities. The properties of herbs and effects of the doshas are taken into account in designing the Ayurvedic herb formulas.
Aloe Vera, Ashwagandha, Asparagus, Azadirachta Indica, Bambusa Vulgaris, Basil, Bhringaraj, Cardamom, Carica Papaya, Castor, Cinnamon, Flax Seeds, Ginger, Guggul, Hibiscus Abelmoschus, Jatamamsi, Manjishta, Marigold, Mulberry, Podina,Pomegranate Seed, Rhubarb, Rose Petals, Safed Musli, Sandalwood, Shankapushpi
Ayurveda is not only a medical science but also a way of healthy living. Apart from prescribing treatment to various chronic and complex diseases, Ayurveda also emphasizes on an ideal method of healthy living. A special section of Ayurveda, swasthavritta deals with the science of health and the code for a healthy conduct.
Swasthavritta which literally means 'the regime of abiding in one's own nature' is an individual's guide to the path of healthy and long life. In Ayurveda, one's body is regarded as a temple and thus, several ways are prescribed for keeping it healthy and young life long.
According to Ayurveda, there is no magical remedy or short cut for healthy living. Instead, strict and staunch regulation of the charyas, the principles of healthy lifestyle which include a proper routine regarding ahar, vihar and achars based on hetu (Material cause), kala (Season) and desha (Habitat) are the only ways for healthy living.
Ayurveda defines the healthy state as: 'A person, whose somatic and psychic humors are in equilibrium, digestion is uniformly healthy, with normal functioning of the fundamental tissues of the body and body wastes, accompanied by the processes of the soul, cognitive organs and the mind, is said to be a healthy person.'
The principles of maintaining a proper well being of the body and mind are two-fold, first the consumption of diet and second, the observance of personal, moral, seasonal and spiritual conduct.
Swasthavritta mainly emphasizes on following a proper routine regime as well as seasonal regime. Other than these two, Swasthavritta also prescribes Sadvritta, the right ways of living i.e. following good mental, social, religious, personal and moral conduct. Thus, we can sum up Swasthavritta as an ideal lifestyle for a human being. It is actually the crux of Ayurvedic living.
In olden days, the Rishis initiated the science of ayurveda for the general awareness of the public. Public Svasthavrtta is a very important subject in ayurveda. Attempts were made on a large scale to apply the knowledge of ayurveda and collect medicinal substances to be used in days of scarcity.
Ayurveda is comprised of two words. Ayur means Life, and Veda means Knowledge. Thus, Ayurveda deals with how to live a healthy, balanced life. Ayurveda focuses on living in tune with nature. It recognizes the intimate relationship between the individual and the environment.
Ayurveda is a very vast and ancient medical science. Unlike other medical sciences, instead of focusing on treatment of any particular disease, Ayurveda focuses more on the healthy living and well being. For healthy living, Ayurveda emphasizes on consuming right kind of diet which is healthy and nutritious.
Ayurveda is an ancient Indian medical science, the origin of which can be traced back to the Vedas. It is a holistic science which comprises of both practical and scientific information on various subjects beneficial to mankind like health, philosophy, astrology and engineering.
In Ayurveda, food (Ahar), sleep (nidra) and brahmacharya (controlled sex) are regarded as the three pillars or tripods of healthy living. It is important for our body to be adjusted to timely intake of good quality and proper food, regular sleeping habits and controlled indulgence in sex because as all this ensures long and healthy life.
Diagnosis is a very vital aspect of Ayurvedic treatment. Diagnosis is to find out the root cause of a disease (Nidan). Unless the proper diagnosis is not done it is difficult to provide medicine and cure the disease. It is not always necessary that the root cause is internal. Many times the causes may be external.
To give permanent relief the root cause of the disease has to be eliminated. Ayurveda thus believes not only in the treatment of the physical aspect of the disease but completely eliminating the disease. All causative factors of disease, whether internal or external, directly or indirectly create an imbalance (increase or decrease) in these doshas first and only then do the symptoms of the disease manifest.
The causative factors of diseases can be the food, life style or other activities. Factors affecting your health could be your diet, life style or daily activities. In Ayurveda, the diagnosis and treatment of disease is always individual to each patient. As Ayurveda treats according to the constitution of an individual, it is known as a highly accurate and personalized method of analyzing diseases. All diseases are caused by aggravation of the three doshas i.e. vata, pitta and kapha. The Nidan or the solution of the disease is done in accordance with the doshas.
Vatta - There are various factors responsible for increasing vata:
* Excessive intake of food like cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, sprouts, beans, dry fruits, mushrooms and raw foods.
* Travelling too much by any means of transportation.
* Untimely sleeping hours or late nights
* Too much eating of junk food, frozen food and micro waved cooked
* Exposure to sound pollution
* Too much exposure to television and computers or any electric gadgets
* Indulging more in sexual activities
* Excessive physical labor like sports
* Taking too much medicinal, recreational and stimulating drugs.
Joint Pains - * Constipation, * Dry Skin, * Loss of Memory, * Palpitation insomnia, * Stiffness of muscles, * Weight Loss, * Migraine, * Vertigo, * Tremors, Pitta - There are various factors responsible for increasing vata: * Drinking too much tea, coffee, alcohol and excessive smoking increase pitta in the body. * Eating of hot and spicy food. * Too intake of chillies, tomatoes, egg plant, spinach, and onions. * Exposure to sun and heat also increases pitta. -
Symptoms - Some of the symptoms caused by excess of pitta in the body are:
* Hyperacidity, * Skin diseases, * Burning sensation, * Fever, * Infections,* Ulcers And Liver disorders. Kapha - There are various factors responsible for increasing Kapha:* Eating too much sugars, fats, oily and fried foods, ice creams, meats, dairy products and nuts * Sleeping during day time and less of physical activities -
Symptoms: Some of the symptoms caused by excess of kapha in the body are - * Asthma, * Cough and cold, * Congestion in the chest, * Anorexia, * Obesity
Ayurveda is a very logical science based on basic scientific principles. The science of Ayurveda doesn't only depend upon the symptoms as told by the patient rather it believes in a thorough examination to find out the root cause of the ailment in the patients body.
Ayurveda is a very logical medical science based on the basic principles of body mechanism and organ functioning. More than healing a particular disease through external means, it focuses more on eliminating the root cause of the disturbances so that the body can regain its normal strength and endurance to function properly.
Darshana in Ayurveda means complete inspection of the body. It is a way of assessing the nature of the disease through different tests and examination. It is derived from the first triad described in Trividh Pariksha for the assessment of diseases. It is actually the first method of clinical assessment.
Ayurveda is a very vast medical science. It has several prescribed to various complex ailments that do not find solution in any other modern medical sciences. According to Ayurveda the fundamental cause of diseases is imbalance of the three doshas - Vata, Pitta and kapha.
In Ayurveda, the diagnosis and treatment of disease is always based on the constitution of an individual or on an individual basis. As such, it is known as a highly accurate and personalized method of analyzing every kind of diseases. There are different stages of diagnosis of disease, in ayurveda.
Ayurveda emphasizes preventative and healing therapies, along with myriad methods of purification and rejuvenation of the body, mind and soul. Apart from being a healing system, it is a science that tells us the art of appropriate living. It tells us how to achieve longevity and live a life that is free of diseases. Panchakarma is Ayurveda's one of the ancient and important purification and detoxification treatments.
In Sanskrit, the word 'Panchakarma literally means "five therapies", which suggests that it is a comprehensive system of knowledge and practices to purify the body of toxins and restore it to balance with the law of Mother Nature. The five therapeutic means of eliminating toxins from the body, which constitute the Panchakarma, are Vamana, Virechana, Nasya, Basti and Raktamoskshana.
The therapies deal with stress related problems and the toxins that may trigger an ailment, at the same time, they concentrate on creating a balance between the doshas (energies that govern all biological functions). Although Panchakarma is a highly effective therapy, it can remain ineffective, if the person doesn't follow a special detoxification diet, along with the treatments. In this section, we have provided comprehensive information on Panchakarma therapy and its significance in Ayurveda.
One of the main procedures of Panchakarma Chikitsa, Basti karma concentrates on the elimination of the loosened vata dosha out through the rectum. The treatment involves the introduction of medicinal substances, such as, herbal oils and decoctions in a liquid medium, into the rectum of the person. This is because vata is predominantly located in the colon and bones.
One of the Panchakarmas mentioned in Ayurveda, Nasya therapy is a process wherein the drug (herbalized oils and liquid medicines) is administered through the nostrils. Since nose is the gateway of the head, the therapy is highly effective in curing a number of diseases pertaining to the head, if it is performed systematically.
Raktamoksha therapy is one of the Panchakarmas of Ayurveda. Literally meaning Blood Letting, Raktamoksha is performed to eliminate the toxins from the bloodstream through the gastrointestinal tract. It is a safe, painless and highly effective form of Panchakarma. Raktamoksha entails the refinement of blood, hence administered to treat disorders pertaining to skin, such as urticaria, rash, eczema, acne, scabies, leucoderma, chronic itching and hives.
The kapha toxins accumulated in the body and the respiratory tract are effectively removed by Vamana, one of the five therapies of Panchakarma in Ayurveda. Vamana is therapeutic vomiting, which is a medicated emesis therapy. People with high imbalance of kapha are given this type of treatment, which loosens and mobilizes the toxins, in an effort to eliminate them from the body.
Ayurveda, the science of life, emphasizes on the adoption of a number of preventative and healing therapies, which can purify and rejuvenate the body, mind and soul. The medicinal form of science is not just a healing system, but also an art of appropriate, healthy and disease-free living. It aims at increasing the longevity of people of all ages.
The natural ingredients of the ayurvedic herbs are much better and free of side effects than the factory made chemical stuffed products. Simple ayurvedic home remedies can be very effective in relieving symptoms, and preventing further development of a disorder. However, once a disease has fully manifested and reached the final stage of development, specific treatments are required.
Home remedies may also support treatments prescribed by a physician. In some cases, even a proper diet can be a home remedy as it reduces the severity of symptoms experienced and avoids unintended aggravation of the condition. Anything that is easily available in or around your home, and has a medicinal use, may be used as a home remedy. When used for medical purposes, herbs, vegetables, fruits, spices, grains and oils are understood to be home remedies.
Although we use our eyes everyday, we rarely pay attention until there is some serious problem. Ayurveda advises to take care of health while in a healthy state. You can maintain perfect eyesight for most part of your life by following some simple remedies. Every morning after waking up, fill your mouth with water, close the eyes and sprinkle water on them about 10-15 times. Be sure, as Ayurveda advises, to wake up before sunrise.
Do not use hot water to wash the eyes.Do not wash the eyes or face when the body is sweating, especially after hard physical exercise or after being exposed to heat and sun.Do not stare continuously, specially while looking at long distance objects. Blinking or giving rest to the eyes is good. Do not look at the objects in bright sunlight for a long time. Avoid reading, writing or working with eyes in improper light, or when the light is not sufficient. Take a break and give rest to the eyes if you feel heaviness or tiredness in the eyes. Staying up late in the night and sleeping after sunrise is harmful for the eyes.
In case of staying up late, drink a cup of water after each hour or half hour. Protect your eyes from dust, smoke, strong sunlight and strong wind. Avoid staying long in such conditions. In case you have to stay, blink often and massage the closed eyes gently with your palms. Try to maintain regular and clean bowel movements. Constipation weakens the eyesight.
In addition; too much anxiety, mental stress, grief, anger and worry are harmful for the eyes. Regular eye exercise maintains perfect eyesight. One simple method of exercise is moving the eyeball - right and left; upwards and downwards and rotating it in the clockwise and anti-clockwise directions. Another simple way of protecting of eyes is through palming.
Rub the palms of both hands for about 30 seconds, close the eyes and gently place the warm palms over the eyes. Eating cabbage and carrots is very beneficial for the eyes. These should be eaten raw. It is all right to drink cabbage and carrot juice mixed together or separately.If Triphala (an Ayurvedic preparation) is available, you can wash the eyes with Triphala water.
Put a teaspoonful of the powder in a glass of water, and let it stay overnight. Strain the water and wash the eyes with it. Putting one drop of honey in each eye once a week is also beneficial to the eyes. It causes a bit of irritation, but cleans the eyes.Try these remedies and keep your eyes healthy and beautiful. These remedies can be used by everyone, including those having weak eyesight. Through these methods, one can even improve one's weak eyesight and maybe even give up the use of spectacles forever.
Skin care: Generally, the modern lifestyle is full of stress, anxiety and mental tensions. The fast and high tech lifestyle consumes a lot of body energy, and the natural body processes are unable to produce enough energy to keep us going. Factors like irregular eating habits, not eating enough natural foods, over-indulgence, using too many chemicals, drugs, lack of proper exercise, and pollution etc. further weaken our energy.
Thus the vital force of the body (Ojas), which maintains luster and glow, is reduced in the body. To maintain this glow or beauty, we turn to cosmetic surgery and artificial chemical cosmetics, which cause many side effects as they are not in harmony with our body system. Thus the skin becomes even more unhealthy and less beautiful. Ayurveda mentiones many simple natural ways to maintain a healthy and glowing skin. Using these natural ways, one can stay beautiful for a longer period without having to suffer the side effects of the chemicals.Below are some simple 'secrets' to achieve a naturally beautiful skin.
Mix equal quantities of cucumber juice, rose water and lime juice. Wash the face and apply it overnight. Rinse off in the morning. This clears the complexion and keeps it healthy. Take 50 ml. of raw (not boiled) milk and mix a pinch of salt and two teaspoonful of lime juice in it. Use it as a cleansing lotion. It helps to clean the deep pores of skin. Mix equal quantities of lime juice, glycerin and rose water.
This lotion if applied to the face regularly at bed time is very useful in removing pimples, blackheads and other stains of the skin. It makes the skin soft, and can also be applied to other parts of the body. Take 50 ml. of tomato juice and mix with one teaspoon of lemon juice. Apply this mixture to the face. It helps to make the skin soft and glowing. Take equal quantities of turmeric powder and wheat flour and make a paste with sesame oil.
Apply it to the face to remove unwanted hair. Apply orange juice to the face for smooth and soft skin. Take 30 ml. of cabbage juice and mix one teaspoon of honey in it. This mixture, if applied regularly to the face, helps to keep the wrinkles away. Make a paste of raw carrots and apply it to the face. Wash it after one hour. The skin will become glowing. Regular application of mint juice to the face helps to remove stains. Try out some of these simple natural remedies for smooth, clear and radiant complexion. The skin is a barometer of a person's health. It also provides clues to one's Ayurvedic constitution.
While vata skin tends to be thin with fine pores, and suffers from dryness and wrinkles, in case of a pitta constitution, the skin is usually delicate, fair and red toned. It often has freckles, moles or acne and burns easily. The skin of a person with kapha dosha is oily, smooth, moist and thick with a tendency towards large pores. Skin that has been properly cared for stays youthful, vibrant and clear. Neglected skin ages prematurely, becomes dull and blemished. Regularly consumption of milk, honey and yogurt is good for nourishing the skin and prevents premature aging
An excess of pitta dosha in the body is the chief cause of all hair problems. Pitta is increased by excessive intake of fried, greasy, spicy, sour and acidic foods, caffeinated beverages, alcoholic drinks, meats and excessive smoking. These are some of the major causes: Excess of pitta dosha in the body is the chief cause of hair problems. Pitta is increased by excessive intake of tea, coffee, alcohol, meats and excessive smoking.
Pitta is also aggravated by eating too much fried, oily, greasy, spicy, sour, and acidic foods. Intake of too many chemical medicines, low blood circulation, anemia, general weakness after disease, stress, anxiety, and mental tension are also prime causes of hair loss. Chronic diseases like typhoid fever, presence of dandruff or lice and hormonal imbalance also cause hair loss. So watch out carefully for these reasons! You may be overdoing one of them, and thus losing your beautiful hair.
The first step is to locate the root cause in your diet or lifestyle that may be increasing the pitta dosha. Once you locate it, try to give up or at least reduce the diet, habit, or activity responsible for increasing pitta. Always use a natural shampoo or soap to clean the hair. As most soaps and shampoos have chemicals, they might be the cause of your problem. Usually the chemicals have a heating effect, and increase Pitta locally. Amla (embilica officinalis), Shikakai (Acacia concinna) are very commonly used in India for washing the hair.
Oiling and massaging of scalp is very beneficial for stopping the hair loss. Use coconut oil or mustard oil at least three times in a week. Certain medicated oils like Mahabhringraj oil, Amala oil, and Arnica oil are very useful. Put oil on the scalp, and massage gently in the roots of the hair. The person should maintain a regular bowel movement everyday. In case of constipation, a mild natural laxative can be taken. Triphala, an Ayurvedic herbal powder, is also useful. The diet should contain more green leafy vegetables, salads, milk, fruits and sprouts. Take more proteins, milk, buttermilk, yeast, wheat germ, soybean and vitamin A. Regular physical exercise is very beneficial as it helps in balancing the aggravated doshas.
A special Ayurvedic preparation made from Bhringraj (Eclipta elba), Amala, corals, iron and black sesame seeds is very useful, and even stops the graying of hair.Rub your scalp vigorously after washing the hair. It increases the blood circulation, and activates the sebaceous glands.A mixture of lettuce and spinach juice is good to drink to induce hair growth. The juice of alfalfa mixed with that of carrot, and lettuce juice is also good to take.Daily application of coconut oil mixed with lime juice on the hair is also beneficial.
Applying juice of green coriander leaves on the head is also good.Washing the hair with a paste of cooked Urad dal (black beans) and fenugreek (methi) 2-3 times a week, is also good.A paste of licorice made by grinding it in milk can be applied in the bald patches. It induces hair growth. A paste of seeds of lemon and black pepper may also be applied on the bald patches.These remedies are worth trying and will solve your hair problems.
A number of factors - age, diet, season, climate, pollution, stress and anxiety affect your hair and scalp. Following an Ayurvedic diet is always the first step to healthy and attractive hair. The best Ayurvedic remedy is always eating lots of leafy green vegetables, fresh fruits, nuts and sprouts.Another important factor is how you wash your hair. Remember that with a balanced, nutritious diet and all-natural, gentle hair care products, you can maintain your hair's strength, health and luster for years to come.
Losing 70 to 80 hairs of your head daily is quite normal. In damp weather this amount may increase. But if your hair loss is above this, you may be facing hair loss problems.
Hair is basically nourished by the nutrient plasma that is produced by the food we take. But the healthy growth of hair is impeded because of following the wrong food and lifestyle habits, exposure to an excess of chemicals and cosmetics, ill health such as weak eye sight, sinusitis, chronic headaches, general debility, stress and mental tension. Hair loss is also caused by taking too much of strong chemical medicines, the presence of dandruff or hair lice, and hormonal imbalance.
It is essential to daily massage the scalp of affected person for 10 to 15 minutes after bathing it with water. This mechanical action strengthens the hair follicles by stimulating blood circulation in the scalp.Try washing your hair with this homemade shampoo made with mixing 2 parts of amla to 1 part of shikakai. Soak them in water overnight and boil them in the morning before grinding them together into a paste.
Later sieve this solution and wash your hair with it. You may also add one or two rithas to your homemade hair cleanser. Increase your intakes of green leafy vegetables, salads, milk, fruits and sprouts. Take more proteins, milk, buttermilk, yeast, wheat germ, soybean and vitamin A.
Symptoms of aging fast are excessively dry skin, skin wrinkles, dried up body tissues, limp muscles, and joint pains. These are general symptoms of aging, but if these appear at an early age, one should pacify one's aggravated vata dosha since aging is caused by imbalanced vata.
Vata dosha is usually aggravated by excessive thinking, stress and tension, overwork, irregular sleeping and eating habits, and by eating too much of cold and dry food. Artificially preserved or frozen food, and chemical medicines tend to aggravate vata dosha, causing premature aging. Excessive exposure to sun light, chemicals and cosmetic also absorbs the body's natural moisture and causes an imbalance of vata dosha.
Try this Banana face pack for softening dry skin. Mix together half a banana (mashed), the juice of I lemon, 2 tsp of milk powder, and 2 cubes of mashed avocado. Apply this delicious mask all over your face and neck. Leave on for 20 minutes and wash off with milk.
This pineapple pack is very good for dead, sluggish skin. Mix together a slice of pineapple (mashed), the juice of an orange and a lemon, together with the grated lemon rind and 2 tsp of wheat flour. Apply it to your face and neck. Wash off gently to reveal smooth skin. Massage in upward direction with almond oil or ghee (clarified butter) regularly for 20 minutes before bedtime.
Mix together a teaspoon of almond meal, the pulp of one apricot, a teaspoon of Ashwagandha powder, a teaspoon of carrot juice and a teaspoon of cabbage extract. Apply on your face and neck. Wash off gently to reveal smooth skin. Milk, honey, yogurt and eggs are good for nourishing your skin. Including these in your diet regularly helps prevent premature ageing of skin.
When a person's hair begins to turn gray before the age of 35, the condition is called premature graying of hair. Excess of pitta dosha in the body is the chief cause of premature graying. Pitta is increased by the excessive intake of caffeinated and alcoholic drinks, meats and by excessive smoking. Pitta is also aggravated by eating too much of fried, greasy, spicy, and acidic food.
Overdoing all or even any one of them may be the cause of your gray hair. Easy Home Remedies Prepare an Ayurvedic powder by mixing together equal quantities of turmeric, amla and neem or margosa leaves. One teaspoon of this powder can be taken twice a day with water. In case amla and neem are not available, only a half-teaspoon of turmeric powder may be had twice a day with water. Constipation may often be the cause of these hair conditions. Use a mild Ayurvedic laxative such as triphala everyday.